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Extra resources for Studies on Grammaticalization (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs)
2 Though the correlation between grammaticalization and regenerating processes is empirically attested in a vast number of studies, its underlying conceptual assumptions are by no means obvious, in particular in light of the cross-linguistic variation of categories and functions (see Haspelmath 2008). In view of the amount of variation shown in contemporary typological studies, the assumption that the loss of particular functional properties evokes a ‘repair’ strategy is not obviously motivated.
It may be vicinity or inclusion, depending on the relevance in particular situations, vgl. the region denoted by the Spanish preposition a or French à. If the region is further specified, there are several spatial dimensions that may be alternatively chosen, such as inclusion (English in vs. out), proximity (English near vs. far from), vertical axis (English on/above vs. under), saggital axis (English in the front of vs. behind), and lateral axis (English right of vs. left of). g. in the upper region of the vertical axis English displays a further distinction depending on the property of contact (contact on, noncontact above).
No expression for the spatial concept si. In other words, S´ is a proper subset of S, S´ ⊂ S. , the functional vacuum in S´ should be accommodated by a concomitant change. However, this assumption is contradicted by the facts of lan- Grammaticalization and sets of form-function pairs 31 guage variation within functional domains as stated in (4b). Since languages with different sets of concepts are possible, language change to a target stage that displays a different set of concepts from the source stage should be a possible change too.