By Adriana Belletti, Luigi Rizzi
The essays accumulated during this quantity, so much formerly unpublished, handle a few heavily interconnected concerns raised by way of the comparative syntax of practical heads in the Principles-and-Parameters method. the overall thought of head move, the houses of derived buildings created by means of incorporation, and the parameterization concerned are the most theoretical foci. One significant empirical zone that is addressed issues head flow in configurations regarding convinced forms of operator-like components, for instance, the several manifestations of Verb moment phenomena in Wh and different structures and the syntax of damaging heads and specifiers. moreover, houses of practical heads and head circulate in nominal and clausal constructions and the causative building are investigated.
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Additional resources for Parameters and Functional Heads: Essays in Comparative Syntax (Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax)
A. *Sie glaubte daB das Kind hatte dieses Brot gegessen b. Sie glaubte daB das Kind dieses Brot gegessen hatte She thought that the child (had) this bread eaten (had) (42) Ge. a. Sie glaubte das Kind hatte dieses Brot gegessen b. *Sie glaubte das Kind dieses Brot gegessen hatte She thought the child (had) this bread eaten (had) As C° is lexicalized in 41, the finite features in 1° are licensed; moreover, in the spirit of Chomsky (1991), Zwart rules out V°-to-I° movement by principles of economy, and hence 41 a is ungrammatical.
I believe that yesterday has . . a. orugglega Vilhjalmur hitt epli5 b. . Vilhjalmur orugglega hitt epliS . . Vilhjalmur hitt epliS orugglega ... (surely) Vilhjalmur (surely) hit apple-the (surely) The subject cannot occur to the right of the adverbial, 65a, parallel to 61b and 6Id (insofar as 65a is interpretable, the adverbial would not be a sentence adverbial but would modify only Vilhjalmur 'at least Vilhjalmur' or 'certainly Vilhjalmur', as opposed to anybody else). If the subject is in VP-spec, as claimed by Rognvaldsson and Thrainsson (1990), the adverbial in 65b, which only has the sentence-adverbial interpretation, is adjoined to V-bar.
In de biblioteekj [cp de hockey heeft het kind 11; gelezen] In the library the books has the child read 30 PARAMETERS AND FUNCTIONAL HEADS b. *Ik geloof niet in de biblioteekj [cp dat het kind de boeken tgelezen heeft] I think not in the library that the child the books read has Summing up, then, the facts of adjunction to the maximal projection of the respective 'strong' functional heads do not follow from the proposal in 44b: Although 1° is categorized as the strong functional head in English, in certain circumstances adjunction to IP is excluded; in Dutch (and other V2 languages), where C° is strong, adjunction to CP is not permitted.