English grammar for students of German : the study guide for by Cecile Zorach, Charlotte Melin, Adam Oberlin, Jacqueline

By Cecile Zorach, Charlotte Melin, Adam Oberlin, Jacqueline Morton

5th version of this renowned self-study advisor for college kids of German. each one bankruptcy covers a grammar element: i.e., part of speech (noun, verb, pronoun), a word's functionality in a sentence (ex. topic, direct item, oblique object), a grammatical time period (tense, conjugation, declension, gender). every one bankruptcy is split into sections. 1. In English: grammar is defined because it pertains to English, anticipating  Read more...

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P can assign oblique Case to its complement, thus {P, XP} satisfies (57). Further, for reasons to be discussed in later chapters, I will adopt the hypothesis that all nominal phrases are headed by a functional category K(ase) (Fukui 1986/1995b: 107, fn. 11, Lamontagne & Travis 1986, Bittner & Hale 1996a, b, Neeleman & Weerman 1999, Asbury 2008, Caha 2009 and references cited therein; cf. Chomsky’s 2007a n*), and that it is K but not its complement that assumes an uninterpretable Case-feature. Then, the structure of the form {K, XP} satisfies (57).

I further assume that the constitute and term-of relations are established derivationally and step by step, by means of recursive application of Merge. That is to say, I adopt Epstein et al. (1998) and Epstein’s (1999) derivationalist hypothesis that syntactic relations are not unexplained (stipulated) definitions based on already built-up syntactic 10. Guimarães (2000), Kayne (2009), and Fukui (2011) argue that Merge should also be able to create singleton-sets of the form {α}. We will also hint at the possibility of singleton-formation by unary Merge in note 21 of Chapter 4, which can be readily accommodated by the definition of SO in (18).

No “wild insertion” rule) * c. ⊘ Bill never kissed Mary. * d.  (No “wild deletion” rule) * e. John believes that Susan never kissed Mary. * f.  (No “wild modification” rule) This is clearly an undesirable result, so everybody agrees that rules of insertion and tampering should be restricted rather severely in their applicability. The question is how, and to what extent. Various proposals have been made in the literature to address this question. As for deletion, the so-called “recoverability condition on deletion” is one of the major proposals to restrict its generative power: see Chomsky (1965: Chapters 3–4) and Peters & Ritchie (1973) among others.

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