By Nicholas Wolterstorff
The canonical texts and traditions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam declare that God speaks, yet philosophers often mistakenly deal with such speech as revelation. Wolterstorff argues that modern speech-action idea bargains a desirable method of the declare. He develops an leading edge concept of interpretation alongside the way in which opposing the present near-consensus of Ricoeur and Derrida that there's whatever wrong-headed approximately analyzing a textual content to determine what its writer acknowledged.
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Additional info for Divine Discourse: Philosophical Reflections on the Claim that God Speaks
Contrast that with the example of a husband revealing his anxiety by unintentionally snapping at his wife; he did not form and act on the intention of disclosing to his wife what had been hidden from her, namely, his anxiety. Nonetheless, his actions do function to disclose that - or if they don't, they would if his wife were a bit more perceptive. So it's a case of non-intended revelation. Notice that the husband may have revealed his anxiety even though he wasn't aware of it. Alternatively, he may have been aware of it and even have formed the intention of not revealing it.
If all goes well, the second person asserts, to the addressee of the first person's speech action, that the first person has done that, 44 Divine discourse and thereby performs the perlocutionary action of informing that person of that. Of course, if the first person writes down his assertion, his request, his command, or whatever, the second can communicate it to the addressee by simply handing the inscription to the third person.
It was by uttering the words "the jewels are buried in the garden" that the old man asserted that the jewels are buried in the garden; his uttering those words, which is the locutionary act in this case, counts as his asserting that proposition, this latter being the illocutionary act. In turn, it was by asserting that the jewels are buried in the garden, and by his addressees realizing that he was doing that, that he communicated the knowledge that the jewels were buried in the garden; his asserting that proposition, which is the illocutionary act, causally contributed to their coming to know that the jewels were buried in the garden.