Contempt and Pity: Social Policy and the Image of the by Daryl Michael Scott

By Daryl Michael Scott

For over a century, the concept African americans are psychologically broken has performed an incredible function in discussions of race. during this provocative paintings, Daryl Michael Scott argues that harm imagery has been the made from liberals and conservatives, of racists and antiracists. whereas racial conservatives, usually enjoying on white contempt for blacks, have sought to take advantage of findings of black pathology to justify exclusionary regulations, racial liberals have used harm imagery essentially to advertise guidelines of inclusion and rehabilitation. In advancing his argument, Scott demanding situations a few long-held ideals in regards to the historical past of wear and tear imagery. He rediscovers the liberal impulses at the back of Stanley Elkins's Sambo speculation and Daniel Patrick Moynihan's Negro kinfolk and exposes the wear and tear imagery within the paintings of Ralph Ellison, the top anti-pathologist. He additionally corrects the view that the Chicago university depicted blacks as pathological items of matriarchy. New Negro specialists reminiscent of Charles Johnson and E. Franklin Frazier, he says, disdained sympathy-seeking and avoided exploring person pathology. Scott's reassessment of social technology sheds new mild on Brown v. Board of schooling, revealing how specialists reversed 4 many years of concept to be able to characterize segregation as inherently destructive to blacks. during this arguable paintings, Scott warns the Left of the hazards of their fresh rediscovery of wear and tear imagery in an age of conservative reform.

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I. Title. 65. 8'496073-dc20CIP Portions of this work have been published previously, in somewhat different form, as "The Politics of Pathology: The Ideological Concerns of the Moynihan Controversy," Journal of Policy History 8, no. I (1996): 81-105, copyright 1996 by the Pennsylvania State University Press (reproduced by permission of the Pennsylvania State University Press), and "Justifying Equality: Damage Imagery, Brown v. Board of Education, and the American Creed," Educational Foundations 10 (Summer 1996): 47-67.

The middle-class desire for the good life brought about a leisure industry, which included amusement parks and resorts. 39 The rise of the therapeutic ethos, with its emphasis on health and self-fulfillment, was part of a much larger cultural transformation that accompanied the shift from a capitalist society based on small-scale production for local consumption to one based on large-scale production for mass consumption. In the process of this transformation, the religious culture that valued religious faith and authority, character, morality, salvation, and self-denial was gradually dislodged and replaced by a secular culture that valued scientific methods, expertise, personality, morale, and consumption.

Going a step further, racial radicals, politically influential since the late 1960s, have rejected the idea of assimilation and have enthusiastically embraced a race-conscious state that promotes equality and fights racism. In the mid-1960s, a number of racial liberals became disillusioned with the direction of racial liberalism and its response to the social upheavals of the time. These neoconservatives, as they became known, believed that most liberals were too apologetic for what they viewed as the riotous behavior of urban blacks, and emphasized the need for law and order.

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