Christ And Human Rights: The Transformative Engagement by Professor Newlands George

By Professor Newlands George

Human rights is among the most vital geopolitical matters within the glossy international. Jesus Christ is the centre of Christianity. but there exists nearly no research of the importance of Christology for human rights. This ebook makes a speciality of the connections. exam of rights unearths tensions, ambiguities and conflicts. This ebook constructs a Christology which centres on a Christ of the weak and the margins. It explores the interface among faith, legislations, politics and violence, East and West, North and South. The heritage of using sacred texts as 'texts of terror' is tested, and theological hyperlinks to criminal and political dimensions explored. standards are constructed for motion to make an efficient distinction to human rights enforcement and backbone among cultures and religions on rights.

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55) Needs are also considered by Henry Shue ( 1980) in his plea for a basic level of subsistence as central to human rights. I have discussed elsewhere Kymlicka’s (1989) work on group and individual rights (Newlands, 1997). In his Taking Suffering Seriously William Felice makes a strong plea for collective rights, but recognizes some dangers: ‘Rights alone are not necessarily progressive, and, in fact, can serve to disguise exploitation rather than help mend it. Genocide has been committed under the banner of group rights, and therefore the context of these rights must be made explicit’ (Felice, 1996, 181).

In an article cited in Witte (1996), Stackhouse strongly criticizes Rorty’s and Lyotard’s postmodern attack on foundationalism. Yet it may also be possible to learn from postmodern justification. Rorty notes that torturers are often simply unable to regard their victims as fellow human beings, often because of racial prejudice. He views such people as deprived not so much of moral knowledge as of security and sympathy and believes that trust and sentiment need to be developed. 3 A cumulative approach also has the huge advantage of potentially including the vast raft of perspectives which have traditionally been on the margins of classical European debate: African perspectives on human rights, feminist (for example Catharine MacKinnon in Hayden (2001)) and gay perspectives (for example, Donnelly and Nussbaum in Hayden (2001); Nussbaum and Olyan, 1998), and perspectives on environmental rights.

It involves politics, taking sides. But it is constrained by moral standards. ’ What are the limits of human rights? After 1945 the communist tradition stressed 26 Christ and Human Rights economic and social rights, whereas the capitalist tradition emphasized political and civil rights – traditions affirmed in Helsinki in 1975. , 21). , 29). Although liberal democracy tends to support human rights, it does not always do so (as evidenced by the death penalty in the United States, for example), and other state forms may still provide minority rights protection.

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