Causes and Consequences of Word Structure (Outstanding by Jennifer Hay

By Jennifer Hay

First released in 2003. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.

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Important for the discussion here, they appear to be one cue which is used in the segmentation of speech. Saffran, Aslin and Newport (1996) show that, when presented with a string of nonsense words, eight month old infants are sensitive to transitional probabilities in the speech stream. This is also true of adults (Saffran, Newport and Aslin 1996). This result suggests that sensitivity to probabilistic phonotactics plays a role in the segmentation of speech. McQueen (1998) and van der Lugt (1999) provide further evidence that phonotactics are exploited for the task of locating word boundaries.

Indeed, almost any affix which enters into some low probability transitions is likely to enter into many. Thus, the set of affixes available for such a matched-pairs design are (as will be shown in chapter 7) extremely productive and robust affixes. There are many highly decomposable forms containing that affix in the lexicon, and so the affix emerges as productive and extremely “affix”-like. Thus, even in cases in which the phonotactics suggest analysis as monomorphemic, the cumulative force of many illegal transitions in the lexicon (and thus many robustly decomposed forms containing the affix) should facilitate ready decomposition.

The fillers paired together pseuodo-affixed and affixed words. Example filler pairs include defend—dethrone, indignant—inexact, family 1. Vowel-vowel counts were calculated using the specific vowel onset, rather than a more general no-onset calculation. Word A bowlful freq base freq phon. 1: Experiment 3: Suffixed Stimuli —busily and adjective—protective. The complete set of stimuli consisted of 76 word pairs. ” The exact instructions were as follows. This is an experiment about complex words. A complex word is a word which can be broken down into smaller, meaningful, units.

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