Categorial Features: A Generative Theory of Word Class by Phoevos Panagiotidis

By Phoevos Panagiotidis

Offering a unique thought of components of speech, this publication discusses categorization from a methodological and theoretical element a view. It attracts on discoveries and insights from a couple of techniques - typology, cognitive grammar, notional methods, and generative grammar - and provides a generative, feature-based idea. development on up to date examine and the most recent findings and ideas in categorization and word-building, Panagiotidis combines the primacy of express positive factors with a syntactic categorization method, addressing the elemental, yet usually missed, questions in grammatical conception. Designed for graduate scholars and researchers learning grammar and syntax, this publication is richly illustrated with examples from various languages and explains components and phenomena imperative to the character of human language.

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Here are some examples from Baker (2003, 90–1): (21) Jingulu verbs a. ’ b. ’ c. ’ baka-ngayi arduku d. ’ Pensalfini (1997) argues that ‘come’, ‘go’ and ‘do/be’ are light verbs. I understand that ‘light verbs’ in this instance can possibly be equated to semi-lexical verbs (see Chapter 4). 14 This receives support by the differences in transitivity between examples c. and d. in (21), induced by the choice of ‘go’ versus ‘do’, the latter inducing transitivity. Baker (2003, 91–4), on the contrary, takes ‘come’, ‘go’ and ‘do/be’ to be inflected auxiliary verbs (like have and be in English) with roots like ngaruk (‘dive’) in (21) to be the actual verbs themselves.

Thus, depending on the NV element, the same LV may occur in different types of event structure. (Folli, Harley, and Karimi 2003, 100) Appealing to the Farsi case is valuable, because there is consensus that its complex predicates are made of light verbs and a non-verbal element. Nevertheless, both elements contribute to the properties of the overall complex predicate. In other words, although Jingulu roots affect the type of the complex predicate’s thematic grid, this is no evidence that these roots are verbal.

25 possibly moot in a syntactic categorization approach. 7. 9 does the same for adpositions. The final section concludes the chapter. 2 Do all languages have nouns and verbs? How can we tell? We set out in the previous chapter to develop a UG theory of grammatical category. This entails making claims about the Language Faculty. , all languages have a word for ‘mother’ or ‘sun’ for obvious reasons) or, worse, (b) a methodological bias that seeks to impose Indo-European categories on languages working in distinctly non-Indo-European ways.

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