By Felix K. Ameka, Alan Dench, Nicholas Evans
Descriptive grammars are our major automobile for documenting and analysing the linguistic constitution of the world's 6,000 languages. they bring about jointly, in a single position, a coherent therapy of the way the complete language works, and for this reason shape the first resource of data on a given language, consulted through a variety of clients: areal experts, typologists, theoreticians of any a part of language (syntax, morphology, phonology, historic linguistics etc.), and contributors of the speech groups involved. The writing of a descriptive grammar is a tremendous highbrow problem, that calls at the grammarian to stability a recognize for the language's certain genius with an understanding of the way different languages paintings, to mix rigour with clarity, to depict structural regularities whereas respecting a corpus of actual fabric, and to symbolize whatever of the local speaker's competence whereas recognising the adaptation inherent in any speech neighborhood. regardless of a contemporary surge of knowledge of the necessity to record little-known languages, there is not any ebook that focusses at the manifold matters that face the writer of a descriptive grammar. This quantity brings jointly participants who technique the matter from a variety of angles. so much have written descriptive grammars themselves, yet others symbolize kinds of reader. one of the issues they tackle are: total problems with grammar layout, the complementary roles of outsider and local speaker grammarians, the stability among grammar and lexicon, cross-linguistic comparison, the position of clarification in grammatical description, the interaction of thought and more than a few fieldwork equipment in language description, the demanding situations of describing languages of their cultural and ancient context, and the tensions among linguistic particularity, demonstrated perform of specific colleges of linguistic description and the necessity for a universally commensurable analytic framework. This e-book will renew the sector of grammaticography, addressing a a number of readership of descriptive linguists, typologists, and formal linguists, by way of bringing jointly more than a few distinctive practitioners from around the globe to handle those questions.
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Extra resources for Catching Language: The Standing Challenge of Grammar Writing
1. Rethinking the Boasian trilogy Recent advances in recording technology and digital analysis have implications for our conception of ‘corpus of data’. 1 that the traditional text collection, amongst its functions, provides data against which analyses presented in the grammar can be verified. That the traditional corpus consists largely of texts is in many respects a reflection of what have been until recently clear limitations in recording technology. Field recordings have consisted of dictated vocabulary, sentences and texts in written form with a few selected audio recordings, again typically of narrative texts.
30: 2) came out, devoted to the topic Perspectives on Grammar Writing, edited by Thomas Payne and David Weber. It was too late to incorporate cross-references to this very interesting collection in the present book, but it contains a number of excellent papers addressing issues related to those dealt with here. Acknowledgments We gratefully acknowledge Felix Ameka, Nikolaus Himmelmann and Hans Kamp for their comments on an earlier version of this chapter, not all of which we have been wise enough to follow up on.
Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Weinreich, Uriel 1954 Is a structural dialectology possible? Word 10: 388–400. Wilkins, David 1989 Mparntwe Arrernte (Aranda): studies in the sructure and semantics of grammar. D. Thesis. Grammaticography: The art and craft of writing grammars Ulrike Mosel 1. Introduction While lexicography is a well established branch of linguistics, represented in specialized journals and handbooks, grammaticography – the art and 1 craft of writing grammars – is not. Only the history of grammar writing, the typology of grammars or isolated problems feature as topics in language 2 specific, especially applied linguistic research.