By M. Rostovtzeff
CARAVAN towns via M. ROSTOVTZEFF. initially released in 1932. PREFACE: THIS ebook is basically the result of a sequence of trip sketches written in 1928 whereas the impressions of my trip to Syria, Arabia, and Palestine within the early a part of that yr have been nonetheless clean in my brain. those sketches first seemed in Russian newspapers pub lished at Berlin and at Paris, The Helm and Resurrection, and so they have been reprinted later within the Russian journal modern Notes ( Paris), this time with yes altera tions and with the addition of a number of new sketches. eventually, they seemed in ebook shape at Paris in 1931 less than the name Blijnem Vostoke. Then the Clarendon Press provided to supply an English version, yet as i used to be close to project one other and extra bold trip to the close to East, i made a decision to publish pone revision for the English version till my go back. It used to be my purpose to revisit the websites which shape the topics of my sketches and likewise to incorporate decrease Mesopotamia, the fashionable Iraq, in my travels. the hot and shiny impressions with which I re grew to become from this trip, and the chance that it gave me of analyzing the ruins intimately and of ap preciating the big increase made via archaeology within the research of those websites, led me to shape such a lot of clean conclusions that i've got came across myself obliged no longer only to revise my textual content, yet even partially to rewrite it. In doing so, i've got passed over the final sketches of the Russian quantity, in view that they handled Rhodes, Cyprus, and Mycenaean Greece and never with caravan towns. while on those travels i used to be capable of acquire the cloth with which this ebook is illustrated. ... the respect of caravan alternate typically increases innumerable difficulties, of economics, of geo graphy, of weather, and of heritage, that have by no means been absolutely handled, and which no student has ever tried to review during this connexion. for that reason, the part that i've got dedicated to the heritage of caravan alternate within the close to East is not any greater than a comic strip; the description of a bigger paintings which a few one else will fill in sooner or later. The sections which take care of the caravan towns are both imperfect. My selection of those towns is acci dental. it isn't in accordance with the historic value of cities involved yet at the volume of knowledge to be had; or, to be extra targeted, at the country of pre servation of the ruins. it's noticeable that during Syria, for instance, any such city as Damascus has a miles longer and much extra instructive heritage as a caravan urban than Palmyra, whereas in Transjordania Amman is greater and extra vital than Jerash. In northern Syria, back, the heritage of Aleppo throughout the centuries will be extra instructive than that of Dura. yet so little of the heritage of those vital cities has survived and the little that has survived is of so fragmentary a nature, that the image we will kind of them is inevitably Incomplete.
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Extra info for Caravan Cities
Unfortunately death put an end to these daring but quite reasonable schemes. to the After Alexander's death his empire was broken up and the east was divided into a number of states, some of them Greek, some semi-Greek, some purely local. The Iranian plateau withdrew from Greek influence and became the seat of the Parthian kings, who followed Caravan Trade. 24 An Historical Survey Persian traditions; semi-Greek Bactria (Afghanistan) which had grew and developed independently; India, Alexander's of then and Persia of first been a province A powerful, though empire, returned to independence.
The latter route been frequently adopted in order Nabataeans to avoid may have paying a tax to the The Minaean inscriptions quoted above, as well as certain other facts, point to the appearance of a new and independent centre of caravan trade either during Caravan Trade. An Historical Survey 23 the last years of the Neo-Babylonlan or the early days of the Persian empire. I refer to Petra of which more will be said below. Perhaps at this date the Nabataean Arabs first superseded the Edomites in Petra, and became the instruments of Persia for reducing the power of the Sabaeans, who had grown too mighty and too rich to please the rulers of the world.
The last ruled that fertile tract of land which, even in antiquity, bore name of 'Arabia Felix Recently the travels of a number of European scholars in this fabulous land have revealed thousands of inscriptions and have made us 5 the . 14 Caravan Trade. An Historical Survey amazing constructions erected by and these peoples, which comprise cities, fortifications, as in most cases where no systetemples. But here, matic excavations have been undertaken, we are still familiar with the of faced by a number of difficult problems, the chief conwhich is that of chronology.