Biology Under the Influence: Dialectical Essays on the by Richard C. Lewontin, Richard Levins

By Richard C. Lewontin, Richard Levins

How can we comprehend the realm? whereas a few glance to the heavens for clever layout, others argue that it really is decided via info encoded in DNA. technology serves as an immense job for uncovering the tactics and operations of nature, however it is usually immersed in a social context the place ideology affects the questions we ask and the way we strategy the cloth international. Biology below the impact: Dialectical Essays at the Coevolution of Nature and Society breaks from the confirms of determinism, providing a dialectical research for comprehending a dynamic social and traditional world.

In Biology lower than the Influence, Richard Lewontin and Richard Levins supply a devastating critique of genetic determinism and reductionism inside of technological know-how whereas exploring a extensive variety of matters together with the character of technological know-how, biology, evolution, the surroundings, pubic healthiness, and dialectics, They dismantle the ideology that makes an attempt to naturalize social inequalities, unveil the alienation of technology and nature, and illustrate how a dialectical place serves as a foundation for grappling with historic advancements and an international characterised through switch. Biology less than the Influence brings jointly the illuminating essays of 2 popular scientists who paintings to demystify and empower the public's knowing of technological know-how and nature.

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Additional resources for Biology Under the Influence: Dialectical Essays on the Co-evolution of Nature and Society

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Background. . . . . . I. My Start in Neurophysiology. II. The All-or-None Law . . III. Sensory Physiology 1924-1929 IV. Auditory Neurophysiology Begins. V. The Year 1929 . . . . . 28 29 B. The WeV3r and Bray Experiment and Its Repercussions. 30 C. A Decade of Expansion: 1931-1941 . . . . . I. Books and People. . . . . . . . II. Electric Response of the Cochlea and Nerve Impulses III. Localization of Pitch Perception. IV. Hearing . . . . . . 33 33 35 36 38 D. Distractions: Scientific and Military.

II. The All-or-None Law . . III. Sensory Physiology 1924-1929 IV. Auditory Neurophysiology Begins. V. The Year 1929 . . . . . 28 29 B. The WeV3r and Bray Experiment and Its Repercussions. 30 C. A Decade of Expansion: 1931-1941 . . . . . I. Books and People. . . . . . . . II. Electric Response of the Cochlea and Nerve Impulses III. Localization of Pitch Perception. IV. Hearing . . . . . . 33 33 35 36 38 D. Distractions: Scientific and Military. . I. The Revolution in Neurophysiology II.

2. The innervation of the organ of Corti. DC, organ of Corti; EHC, external hair cells; ESF, external spiral fibers, each innervating many external hair cells; [SF, internal spiral fibers, of unknown function; [HC, internal hair cells; RF, radial fibers, innervating the internal hair cells; GC, ganglion of Corti. Arrows show the direction of the fibers away from their cell bodies. CF, centrifugal fibers, of unknown function; AN, auditory nerve. STEVENS and DAVIS (1938), after LORENTE DE N6 (1933) The conclusion seems to be that with the auditory as with the tactile nerve fibres we judge the intensity of the stimulus by the number of impulses making up each volley, and that we judge the pitch of a note by the frequency of the volleys without regard to the frequency in each nerve fibre ...

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