By Patricia Donaher, Seth Katz
The observe ain't is utilized by audio system of all dialects and sociolects of English. still, language critics view ain't as marking audio system as "lazy" or "stupid"; and the informed suppose ain't is on its deathbed, used in simple terms in cliches. all people has an opinion approximately ain't. Even the grammar-checker in Microsoft notice flags each ain't with a purple underscore. yet why? over the last a hundred years, just a couple of articles and sections of books have reviewed the heritage of ain't or mentioned it in dialect contexts. this primary book-length assortment particularly devoted to this shibboleth presents a multifaceted research of ain't within the historical past and grammar of English; in English speech, writing, tv, comics and different media; and in terms of the minds, attitudes, and utilization of audio system and writers of English from various areas, ethnicities, social periods, and dialect groups. such a lot articles within the assortment are available for the common informed speaker, whereas others are directed basically at experts in linguistic study-but with precious reasons and footnotes to make those articles extra approachable for the layperson. This selection of articles on ain't therefore presents a huge viewers with a wealthy figuring out and appreciation of the heritage and lifetime of this taboo observe.
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Additional resources for Ain’thology: the History and Life of a Taboo Word
156), and Gove was literally called upon to explain himself: How could this have happened? Doesn't everyone know it's not a word? Doesn't everyone know that to put it in the dictionary lends it legitimacy? and so on. Were I Philip Gove, I would have feared for my job, let alone my life, in 1960s academia. As noted earlier, the public was further enraged when the debate moved on to the pages of College English and the conservative Sheridan Baker (1964) failed to win the argument against ain't after wrongly claiming that the data collected by The Linguistic Atlas was a sham and unrepresentative of the language of "cultivated" speakers (p.
299) and vowel changes (as in dispreferred [eynt] vs. [ahnt]) that resulted in hain't [heynt], cain't [keynt] and ain't [eynt] all being cast into the outer darkness. And there, ain't, in particular, has remained for many speakers, especially grammar mavens, extending back at least to the 19th century. But an ain't debate did flare up in some circles as descriptivism became increasingly prominent in the early-mid 20th century, though its Ain't Online 47 focus seems to be less on the word's degree of acceptability than on other issues.
London, UK: J. M. Dent & Company. (Original work published 1707). Hacker, Diana. ). Preface. Language debates. com/bedhandbook6e/. Jespersen, Otto. (1940). A modern English grammar on historical principles. Part V. Copenhagen, Denmark: Ejnar Munksgaard. Johnson, Samuel. (1755). A Dictionary of the English Language. London, UK: W. Strahan. —. (1766). A Dictionary of the English Language. ). London, UK: J. Knapton. Jonson, Ben. (1958). Volpone, or the fox. Jonas A. ). New York, NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts.