By Jan Faye
The philosophy of the humanistic sciences has been a blind-spot in analytic philosophy. This publication argues that through adopting a suitable pragmatic research of clarification and interpretation it truly is attainable to teach that medical perform of humanistic sciences may be understood on related traces to medical perform of normal and social sciences.
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Extra resources for After Postmodernism: A Naturalistic Reconstruction of the Humanities
All of this achievement is possible only because of intentional actions. If we had not been able to basically understand each other’s intentions, and thereby been able to communicate unambiguously with each other, we would not have needed a language. Had language just misled us, it would never have evolved from the outset because it would not have given us any further benefit. Language evolved as it did, precisely because of our need to express ourselves in as rich, varied, and unique a way as possible about the world we live in and are a part of.
Today nobody advocates that verification of meaning, reductionism, and Hempel’s explanatory model are accurate characterizations of either what science is or what it should be. Today there is a growing appreciation of new ways to characterize the historicity of the natural sciences, and similarly new ways to characterize the human sciences, which bring their methodological practices more into line with each other. So instead of driving ourselves mad over what differentiates the human sciences from the natural sciences, we should rather look at the similarities that unite them as different forms of science.
3 In particular, we may talk about distributed normative systems in the sense that norms, rules, or standards exist as part of the external input that turns an individual into an agent. Thus norms and rules always exist outside any particular neurological system that may represent them and perhaps internalize them as the mind’s own. They have to be embodied by minds other than the agent’s in order for them to be constitutive of the agent’s actions. The possibility of sanctions, The Naturalization of the Humanities 39 punishment, responsibility, obligations, rights, honour, justice, and misinterpretation of others are all intentional conditions imposed on the individual by others to make his or her behaviour accord with the relevant norms.