By Thomas M. Franck (auth.), Yassin El-Ayouty, Hugh C. Brooks (eds.)
As an rising Continent, with a wealthy earlier, dynamic current and promising destiny, Africa has a major position to play within the strengthen ment of foreign association. good earlier than Africa yr, 1960, whilst a number of African States attained their independence and their rightful position in the neighborhood of countries, a number of the routine for team spirit and co-operation strove in the direction of the production of neighborhood overseas association. Now greater than ever earlier than, approximately rankings of African States, participants of the United international locations, the association of African harmony and a number of other sub-regional businesses and preparations, glance upon foreign association as a massive skill for shield ing their independence, improving African id, forging collabor ative bonds among themselves and with the skin international, and rais ing the traditional of dwelling for his or her populations. it's going to even be famous that the age of technological know-how and know-how that is, and will be, according to overseas co-operation, stimulates fur ther Africa's wish to enhance and paintings via foreign inter governmental enterprises. As Africa faces the I970's, confronting the middle difficulties of colonial ism and apartheid in its southern components, she appears to be like upon the United countries and the association of African cohesion because the major cars for proposal and motion. For those issues, the current e-book due to the St.
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Extra resources for Africa and International Organization
To be meaningful it must represent the condition under which war is not only undesirable but impossible. It must symbolize the condition under which there is universal respect for fundamental human rights, the dignity and worth of the human person, the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small; conditions under which there is full and unreserved respect for the rule of law, conditions which permit of social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom. The principles contained in the present draft spell out in more precise terms the broad base on which the Charter plants peace.
It presupposes that a body of norms exist which are so fundamental that contracting out from it results in or produced invalidity. The basis for determining this will have to be examined and scrutinized meticulously. The danger of adopting only European ideas exists, and the international community cannot afford to ignore the opinion of the young nations of the Third World. It is perhaps fortunate that this important concept has not yet been settled and that the exchange of views will continue among scholars, those of African nations being offered an opportunity to advance their ideas.
The fundamental principles of the United Nations Charter enjoy a very wide recognition. In this regard, the Charter is a better source than its predecessor the Covenant of the League of Nations. Under Article I03, all member states recognise the principle that: In the event of conflict between the obligations of the Members of the United Nations under the present Charter and their obligations under any other international agreement, their obligations under the present Charter shall prevail. 2 It would therefore appear that any norms within the proposed concept of "jus cogens" must, if they are to be universally acceptable, derive their sustenance from the Charter of the United Nations.