By Diane Brentari
This booklet is meant partially to supply linguists and cognitive scientists who don't know signal language with some extent of access into the examine of signal language phonology. even as, it provides a accomplished conception of American signal Language (ASL) phonology, whereas reviewing and development on replacement theories. One declare of this theoretical framework is that, due to signal language's visual/gestural phonetic foundation, the consonant-like devices and vowel-like devices are expressed at the same time with each other, instead of sequentially as in spoken languages. A moment declare is that routine function because the most elementary prosodic devices of the language. the writer is anxious to teach either the similarities and variations among signed and spoken languages, and to point a few instructions for destiny paintings in cognitive technology that may be derived from her phonological version.
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Extra info for A Prosodic Model of Sign Language Phonology
Next page > < previous page page_26 next page > Page 26 argument that the inherent and prosodic features constitute mutually exclusive sets, with the exception of [ipsilateral] and [contralateral] no feature of the model appears in both the inherent and the prosodic branches of structure. The structure that I will propose is shown in (13). (13) Overall structure of inherent and prosodic features in ASL a. Feature organization b. Parameters in the model New aspects of the model since Brentari 1990c include an explicit proposal for a feature tree, an explicit proposal for segmental structure, and a more explicit definition of sonority and how it works in ASL phonology.
Sandler argues that hand configuration features form a unified group and should be separate from location and movement features, and that location and movement features form the bases of segmental structure. (15) Model of feature organization proposed in Stack 1988 (HS, O, ) FALSE LOC [nose, ipsi] [nose, contra] PO [to nose] HC [1, open] (16) Model of feature organization proposed in Uyechi 1995 (HS, O, ) FALSE < previous page page_35 If you like this book, buy it! 21 Movement types and possible joints of execution: vertical or horizontal extension or flexion (from Luttgens and Hamilton 1997, 142, 153, 158; by permission) < previous page page_36 If you like this book, buy it!
2 Support for a Unified Group of Movement Features: Distalization and Proximalization of Movement The next argument in (12) is that abstract movement categories govern the production of movement and therefore should be dominated by a single node in the feature tree. , shoulder). However, a sign is often executed by joints in addition to those specified by its default joint by a process of movement spread, or by joints other than those that execute it in the default case. 18 shows two versions of the one-handed form of TAKE, a sign with a path movement and a handshape change: the citation form, using the default joints, and the reduced form, in which the movement has been distalized from the elbow to the wrist.