A notional theory of syntactic categories by John M. Anderson

By John M. Anderson

This publication provides an cutting edge conception of syntactic different types and the lexical sessions they outline. It revives the conventional concept that those are to be exclusive notionally (semantically). It permits there to be peripheral participants of a lexical classification that can now not evidently comply with the final definition. the writer proposes a notation according to semantic positive aspects which bills for the syntactic behaviour of periods. The e-book additionally provides a case for contemplating this class - back in fairly conventional vein - to be easy to choosing the syntactic constitution of sentences. Syntactic constitution is therefore erected in a really constrained style, with out recourse to circulation or empty parts.

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A notional theory of syntactic categories

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23) a. The weather has changed b. Leon has changed his socks 30 Fundamentals of a notional theory with either one ('neutral') complement or two ('neutral' and 'agentive'). Recurrent multiple complementational patterns may be captured by lexical redundancies. The (provisional) elements 'agentive' and 'neutral' thus label secondary categories; as observed in chapter i, the distribution of a secondary category is included in that of the category with which it is associated, and it is again identified by notional features.

E. 5) a. Fred is a doctor b. Alphonse est medecin c. O Petros ine 8iki7oros 'A. is a doctor' 'P. 6) a. The man with the shakes is Fred b. 6) is not 'Fred-ness' or 'doctorness' of 'the man with the shakes'; rather, what is predicated is (referential) identity between two arguments, 'the man with the shakes' and 'Fred'/'the doctor'. 7) a. Fred is the man with the shakes b. The doctor is the man with the shakes only in assignment of unmarked discourse function. 5b and c), in many languages, such as French and Greek, it may be that no article accompanies a predicative noun, or some predicative nouns, even if, as in French, a noun is otherwise normally accompanied by a determiner.

14c), as 'intransitive'), though lacking the P feature, also display subcategorisation (Roger Bohm, personal communication). But we should also observe that determiners and pronouns (and 'transitive' and 'intransitive' functors) are distinguished by presence vs. absence of a complement rather than in terms of the character of the complement(s), as in the functor selection of 'relational' nouns. We can then distinguish between weak subcategorisation, manifested by determiners, which is simply a consequence of 22 Fundamentals of a notional theory complement structure and the fact that not all complements can be obligatory (with respect to a particular category), and strong subcategorisption of the differential character displayed by categories containing P.

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