A Contrastive Grammar of English and Dutch: Contrastieve by Flor G. A. M. Aarts, Herman Chr. Wekker (auth.)

By Flor G. A. M. Aarts, Herman Chr. Wekker (auth.)

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Extra resources for A Contrastive Grammar of English and Dutch: Contrastieve grammatica Engels / Nederlands

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He doesn't be a fool *Does he be a fool? *He does be a fool Don't be a fool! Don't be tempted! Don't be saying things like that! Do be careful! In negative and interrogative sentences containing the verb have (in the meaning of 'possess') usage with respect to the auxiliary do varies. Thus we find: The Joneses don't have any children The Joneses haven't got any children Do the Joneses have any children? Have the Joneses (got) any children? Other meanings of have require the construction with auxiliary do: We do not have any trouble with the police Do you ever have dreams?

He does be a fool Don't be a fool! Don't be tempted! Don't be saying things like that! Do be careful! In negative and interrogative sentences containing the verb have (in the meaning of 'possess') usage with respect to the auxiliary do varies. Thus we find: The Joneses don't have any children The Joneses haven't got any children Do the Joneses have any children? Have the Joneses (got) any children? Other meanings of have require the construction with auxiliary do: We do not have any trouble with the police Do you ever have dreams?

In this respect English differs from languages like Dutch, French and German, where gender is not sex-based and where it is reflected, for example, in the definite articles: de/het, leila and der/die/das. Examples: masculine feminine neuter father uncle boy mother aunt girl chair rose truth Nouns of dual gender can be referred to by he or she depending on the sex of the referent. Examples: cousin doctor novelist parent professor student nurse friend Nouns denoting animals can be treated as neuter, though with reference to some we can also use he or she.

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