A Constructional Approach to Resultatives by Hans C. Boas

By Hans C. Boas

Delivering a unified answer in the frameworks of building Grammar and body Semantics, Hans Boas develops an account of resultative buildings in English by way of grouping them in sessions: conventionalized and non-conventionalized. The usage-based version used right here proposes that every specific feel of a verb constitutes a conventionalized mini-construction, that is the most important details for the licensing of arguments. against this, verbs in non-conventionalized resultative structures can collect a singular that means and thereby a brand new syntactic body. English and German resultatives are in comparison to illustrate the detailed lexical polysemy networks of English and German verbs.

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A Constructional Approach to Resultatives

Delivering a unified answer in the frameworks of building Grammar and body Semantics, Hans Boas develops an account of resultative structures in English through grouping them in sessions: conventionalized and non-conventionalized. The usage-based version used the following proposes that every specific experience of a verb constitutes a conventionalized mini-construction, that is the most important details for the licensing of arguments.

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17) , the verb switch offis used in a resùl- 17 In earlier works on this topic , A-verbs and B-verbs are classified as so-called phrasal verbs , as opposed to prepositional verbs. See Chomsky (1957), Marchand (1%9) , Bolinger (1 971) , Dixon (1 982), Emonds (1976, 1985), Herslund (1984) , and Kayne (1984) , among rnany others. SYNTACTIC ApPROACHES TO RESULTATIVES /33 tative sense in that there is a patient argument , the light , which undergoes an action and ends up in a specific result state as a result of that action.

HeshotJe仔 lame? That man should be put behind bars! 25) do not usua l\ y denote prototypical result states that are associated with the action denoted by their matrix verbs: lame is not typically expected to appear as the resu \t ative predicate of shoot , whereas dir,纱 is not readily associated with w伊 e. ' (1 992: 63) However , he neither states the pragmatic principles that underlie the structure of resultative constructions nor does he have any explanation for the distribution of the SC subject in resultatives.

Intemet citations are followed by the web-page address or the Message-ID number. 181 A CONSTRUCTIONAL ApPROACH TO RESULTATIVES ing this section , a few words of caution are in order with respect to the conc1 usions drawn from the data coIlected for our analysis of English resultative constructions. The analysis proposed in this monograph relies mainly on about 60∞ corpus-based example sentences and several hundred sentences taken from the literature , dictionaries , the Internet , and native speaker elicitations.

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