A cognitive linguistic analysis of the English imperative : by Hidemitsu Takahashi

By Hidemitsu Takahashi

1. checklist of figures, photographs; 2. checklist of tables, pxi; three. Abbreviations, pxiii; four. Acknowledgments, pxv-xvii; five. 1. advent, p1-20; 6. 2. gazing English imperatives in motion, p21-56; 7. three. The which means of the English important, p57-92; eight. four. Accounting for a number of the findings in bankruptcy 2 and the alternative among imperatives and oblique directives, p93-119; nine. five. combined significant buildings: Passive, innovative, and perfective imperatives in English, p121-135; 10. 6. Conditional imperatives in English, p137-171; eleven. 7. English imperatives in concessive clauses, p173-196; 12. eight. jap imperatives, p197-219; thirteen. nine. Conclusions and clients, p221-224; 14. References, p225-236; 15. information assets, p237; sixteen. identify index, p239-240; 17. topic index, p241-242

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Having no idea as to why B is upset and wanting to know if A can help, A addresses B] A: What’s up? B: I’m having a bad day. A: Tell me about it. According to the parameters in Table 1-1, the imperative Tell me about it in the context of (8) can be analyzed as to its Force Exertion as in (9): (9) The Force Exertion of Tell me about it in the context of (8): desire: [+1] or [+2] capability: [+1] power: [0] cost: [+1]~[+2] benefit: [0] obligation: [+1] TOTAL: [+4]~[+6] 15 16 A Cognitive Linguistic Analysis of the English Imperative Four components are given plus scores, and two are given zero scores.

Let us look at some examples of each pattern: Chapter 2. Observing English imperatives in action (3) Action by Addressee(s) only a. ” He waited until there was silence.  46) b. ”  (Deception, p. 408) c. “And the other thing I need are the negatives of the pictures you took. ” “Really now? ” “Let’s not play that game,” she said quietly. “You took plenty of pictures while I was awake, and I heard the camera clicking and flashing while I was woozy. ”  (Malice, p. 199) d. “I’m afraid Donna’s care is going to be very expensive,” Anna DiTullio said timidly.

2%). In contrast, not surprisingly, the non-standard solo action use is 25 26 A Cognitive Linguistic Analysis of the English Imperative Table 2-2. 5%) infrequent, accounting for only 16 tokens (12%). These results support the common observation that proposal for joint action is the “prototypical” function of let’s-imperatives (cf. Huddleston and Pullum 2002; Collins 2004). 5%). In the rest of this section, we label the first three functions of let’s-imperatives in Table 2-2 as an ordinary function and the last two as discourse organizational functions, respectively.

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